Hugo into Docker

home ~ Hugo into Docker

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docker hugo
2017-05-16

This blog is publish with a docker image with GitLab. But I don’t like the image I was using because wasn’t update and it’s big and havy. So I fork the project for create an update version for my personal blog.

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So I started with updating the old docker image I was using this image

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    FROM debian:wheezy
    MAINTAINER yigal@publysher.nl

    # Install pygments (for syntax highlighting)
    RUN apt-get -qq update \
    && DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get -qq install -y --no-install-recommends python-pygments git ca-certificates \
        && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

    # Download and install hugo
    ENV HUGO_VERSION 0.20.6
    ENV HUGO_BINARY hugo_${HUGO_VERSION}-64bit.deb

    ADD https://github.com/spf13/hugo/releases/download/v${HUGO_VERSION}/${HUGO_BINARY} /tmp/hugo.deb
    RUN dpkg -i /tmp/hugo.deb \
        && rm /tmp/hugo.deb

    # Create working directory
    RUN mkdir /usr/share/blog
    WORKDIR /usr/share/blog

    # Expose default hugo port
    EXPOSE 1313

    # Automatically build site
    ONBUILD ADD site/ /usr/share/blog
    ONBUILD RUN hugo -d /usr/share/nginx/html/

    # By default, serve site
    ENV HUGO_BASE_URL http://localhost:1313
    CMD hugo server -b ${HUGO_BASE_URL} --bind=0.0.0.0

So I build an image of this container and it was 171 MB in my machine.

But I can do better than this because i can use alpine in the place of debian:wheezy.

I do this because the image for debian is bigger than the image for alpine. But if I will use alpine I need to change somethings because I can’t install .deb into the image. So i use the binary of Hugo for Linux find on Github. And install it on the image

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    FROM alpine
    LABEL maintainer "fundor333@gmail.com"

    # Download and install hugo
    ENV HUGO_VERSION 0.20.6
    ENV HUGO_DIRECTORY hugo_${HUGO_VERSION}_Linux-64bit
    ENV HUGO_BINARY ${HUGO_DIRECTORY}.tar.gz

    # Install HUGO
    RUN set -x
    RUN apk add --update wget ca-certificates
    RUN wget https://github.com/spf13/hugo/releases/download/v${HUGO_VERSION}/${HUGO_BINARY}
    RUN tar xzf ${HUGO_BINARY}
    RUN rm -r ${HUGO_BINARY}
    RUN mv hugo /usr/bin/hugo
    RUN rm -r LICENSE.md
    RUN rm -r README.md
    RUN apk del wget ca-certificates
    RUN rm /var/cache/apk/*

    # Create working directory
    RUN mkdir /usr/share/blog
    WORKDIR /usr/share/blog

    # Expose default hugo port
    EXPOSE 1313

    # Automatically build site
    ONBUILD ADD site/ /usr/share/blog
    ONBUILD RUN hugo -d /usr/share/nginx/html/

    # By default, serve site
    ENV HUGO_BASE_URL http://localhost:1313
    CMD hugo server -b ${HUGO_BASE_URL} --bind=0.0.0.0

This time the size was 33,5 MB. Good but i can do BETTER.

Whenever you wrote a new line with RUN you make the “compiled” into another layer so, if you have 22 command (like me) you have 22 layer for the image

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    FROM alpine
    LABEL maintainer "fundor333@gmail.com"

    # Download and install hugo
    ENV HUGO_VERSION 0.20.6
    ENV HUGO_DIRECTORY hugo_${HUGO_VERSION}_Linux-64bit
    ENV HUGO_BINARY ${HUGO_DIRECTORY}.tar.gz

    # Install HUGO
    RUN set -x && \
    apk add --update wget ca-certificates && \
    wget https://github.com/spf13/hugo/releases/download/v${HUGO_VERSION}/${HUGO_BINARY} && \
    tar xzf ${HUGO_BINARY} && \
    rm -r ${HUGO_BINARY} && \
    mv hugo /usr/bin/hugo && \
    rm -r LICENSE.md && \
    rm -r README.md && \
    apk del wget ca-certificates && \
    rm /var/cache/apk/*

    # Create working directory
    RUN mkdir /usr/share/blog
    WORKDIR /usr/share/blog

    # Expose default hugo port
    EXPOSE 1313

    # Automatically build site
    ONBUILD ADD site/ /usr/share/blog
    ONBUILD RUN hugo -d /usr/share/nginx/html/

    # By default, serve site
    ENV HUGO_BASE_URL http://localhost:1313
    CMD hugo server -b ${HUGO_BASE_URL} --bind=0.0.0.0

Size 3,99 MB in this case.

The maggior part of the total size is caused by the size of the Hugo binary itself so I cann’t make an image lighter than the binary.

Now the image size and number layers can change update after update so I put this image with the allwayes data about the images.

hugo_fundor333

by Fundor333


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